excess


excess
excess n Excess, superfluity, surplus, surplusage, overplus denote something which goes beyond a limit or bound.
Excess applies to whatever exceeds a limit, measure, bound, or accustomed degree
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in measure rein thy joy; scant this excessShak.

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the proper point between sufficiency and excessHenry James

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I think poetry should surprise by a fine excessKeats

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Often it specifically implies intemperance or immoderation
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early excesses the frame will recover from— Meredithy

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Restrain the excesses of the possessive instinct— Ellis

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Superfluity applies to an excess (as of money, clothes, or possessions) that is above or beyond what is needed or desired
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the inventory of thy shirts, as, one for superfluity, and another for use!— Shak.

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I succumb easily to anyone who asks me to buy superfluities and luxuries— Huxley

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Surplus applies to the amount or quantity of something that remains when all that has been needed has been disposed of (as by using, spending, or selling)
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his salary was so small that there was no surplus for investment

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the problem is how to dispose of the large surplus in this year's cotton crop

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huge unused surpluses pile up beyond the reach of consumers—La Barre

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Surplusage may be used in place of surplus but may especially imply wasteful or useless excess
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the subsequent part of the section is mere surplusage, is entirely without meaning, if such is to be the construction— John Marshall

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say what you have to say . . . with no surplusagePater

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Overplus is often used in place of surplus, but it less often implies a remainder than an addition to what is needed
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the overplus of a great fortune— Addison

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there was no overplus in the proceeds this year

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the wild overplus of vegetation which was certainly not that of a normal garden— Wyndham Lewis

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Analogous words: lavishness, prodigality, profuseness or profusion, luxuriance, exuberance (see corresponding adjectives at PROFUSE): inordinateness, immoderation, extravagance (see corresponding adjectives at EXCESSIVE)
Antonyms: deficiency: dearth, paucity
Contrasted words: meagerness, scantiness, scantness, exiguousness (see corresponding adjectives at MEAGER)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Excess — Ex*cess , n. [OE. exces, excess, ecstasy, L. excessus a going out, loss of self possession, fr. excedere, excessum, to go out, go beyond: cf. F. exc[ e]s. See {Exceed}.] 1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • excess — ex·cess adj: more than a usual or specified amount; specif: additional to an amount specified under another insurance policy excess coverage excess insurance Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Excess-3 — binary coded decimal (XS 3), also called biased representation or Excess N, is a numeral system used on some older computers that uses a pre specified number N as a biasing value. It is a way to represent values with a balanced number of positive …   Wikipedia

  • excess — [ek ses′, ikses′; ] also, esp.for adj. [, ek′ses΄] n. [ME & OFr exces < L excessus < pp. of excedere: see EXCEED] 1. action or conduct that goes beyond the usual, reasonable, or lawful limit 2. lack of moderation; intemperance;… …   English World dictionary

  • Excess — is a state of something being present beyond a requisite amount. In certain contexts, it has a more specialized meaning:* In insurance, similar to deductible. * In chemistry, describing any reagent that is not the limiting reagent. * Excess is… …   Wikipedia

  • excess — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. exces (14c.) excess, extravagance, outrage, from L. excessus departure, a going beyond the bounds of reason or beyond the subject, from stem of excedere to depart, go beyond (see EXCEED (Cf. exceed)). As an adjective… …   Etymology dictionary

  • excess — [n1] overabundance of something balance, by product, enough, exorbitance, exuberance, fat, fulsomeness, glut, inundation, lavishness, leavings, leftover, luxuriance, nimiety, overdose, overflow, overkill, overload, overmuch, overrun, oversupply,… …   New thesaurus

  • excess — ► NOUN 1) an amount that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable. 2) lack of moderation, especially in eating or drinking. 3) (excesses) outrageous or immoderate behaviour. 4) Brit. a part of an insurance claim to be paid by the insured.… …   English terms dictionary

  • excess — in an insurance policy, excess clauses specify that the policyholder will be responsible for a portion of claims under certain conditions. Glossary of Business Terms The dollar amount by which the equity exceeds the margin requirements in a… …   Financial and business terms

  • excess — ♦♦♦ excesses (The noun is pronounced [[t]ɪkse̱s[/t]]. The adjective is pronounced [[t]e̱kses[/t]].) 1) N VAR: with supp, usu a N of n An excess of something is a larger amount than is needed, allowed, or usual. An excess of houseplants in a small …   English dictionary


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